Expanding access to family planning (FP) is a principal objective of global family planning efforts and has been a driving force of national family planning programs in recent years. Many country programs are working alongside with the international family planning community to expand access to modern contraceptives. However, there is a challenging need for measuring all aspects of access. Measuring access usually requires linking information from multiple sources (e.g., individual women and facilities). To assess the influence of access to family planning services on modern contraceptive use among women, we link four rounds of individual women and service delivery points survey data from PMA2020 in Kinshasa.
We find that the effect of community and facility-level access factors varies extensively but having fewer stocked-out facilities and more facilities with long-acting permanent methods (LAPM) increases the odds of using modern contraceptives among women in Kinshasa. Our study shows that reliable supply chain with a broad array of method mix will increase the odds of modern contraceptive use at community level among women in Kinshasa. Using community-oriented practices and service delivery along with empowering women to make health-related decisions should become a priority of family planning programs and international stakeholders in the country.