PMA uses innovative mobile technology to support high-quality, rapid-turnaround surveys monitoring key health and development indicators that may be used to inform health policy and programming decisions.
PMA collects a nationally representative sample of data from households and service delivery points in selected sentinel sites, to estimate health indicators on an annual basis in nine pledging FP2020 countries.
Surveys are completed and uploaded to a central server via a mobile data network, cleaned and analyzed. Results are disseminated shortly after.
PMA questionnaires capture information on many key family planning indicators including demand and utilization, as well as new unique measures of access, choice and quality of family planning information and services; and other health indicators.
The PMA platform collects data that are comparable across all program countries and consistent with existing nationally representative surveys. To accomplish this, PMA developed standard household, female, and service delivery point questionnaires. These standard questionnaires are reviewed and modified prior to program launch in each country, to ensure questions are appropriate to each setting. Country-specific questions are also added that reflect programmatic priorities for stakeholders.
Below are links to standard questionnaires that include a set of core questions that are adapted prior to data collection to be country and round-specific.
PMA2020 used a two-stage cluster design with typically urban-rural and major regions as the strata. A representative sample of enumeration areas (EAs) were drawn from a master sampling frame covered, usually provided by the national statistical agency in each country. Ahead of data collection, households, and key landmarks in each EA were listed and mapped by resident data collectors. Within each EA, a random sample of households were selected. The survey aimed to include a sample size that would allow analysts to calculate a national estimate for all indicators, including calculating the modern contraceptive prevalence rate (mCPR) with a margin of error of ±3 percentage points. The target sample assumed an expected number of eligible women per household and accounted for non-response rates. All resident eligible females were contacted and consented for interviews. Up to three private SDPs within the EA were also selected for interviews along with the public health posts, district hospitals and regional hospitals serving the EA.
Data collection was conducted bi-annually in the first two years in each country and annually thereafter.
Survey Protocol Documents
PMA2020/Nigeria Sampling Memo >> Summarizes the overall survey design and sample size calculation method of last section provides methods regarding post-stratification weights to calculate national-level estimates, unique for Nigeria PMA2020. Available in English
PMA2020 Segmentation and Supplementation Memo >> General guidelines on when segmentation and supplementation should be used. Available in English
PMA2020 Weights Memo >> A summary of the creation of PMA2020 household and female weights. Available in English
IPUMS-PMA harmonizes the Performance Monitoring for Action (PMA) data series. It provides an interactive web dissemination system for PMA data with variable documentation on hundreds of harmonized variables on family planning, water and sanitation, and menstrual hygiene management. IPUMS provides census and survey data from around the world integrated across time and space. IPUMS integration and documentation makes it easy to study change, conduct comparative research, merge information across data types, and analyze individuals within family and community context. Data and services available free of charge.