Indicators by Topic Area

Family Planning

All PMA data can be disaggregated by various socio-demographic characteristics of survey respondents, including rural-urban residence, wealth quintile, marital status, age, parity (number of live children), and education. PMA data are consistent with Demographic and Health Survey measurements of family planning demand and utilization. PMA data also introduce new indicators of choice, quality, and access at health facility and household levels.

The list below includes some of key family planning indicators that PMA measures. For a glossary of indicators, click below:

Glossary of FP Indicators     Glossary of SDP Indicators


  • Modern Contraceptive Prevalence Rate
  • Traditional Contraceptive Prevalence Rate
  • Total Contraceptive Prevalence Rate


  • Unmet Need
  • For Spacing
  • For Limiting
  • Total Demand
  • Percent of non-users who intend to adopt a contraceptive method in the future


  • Obtained method choice
  • Method chosen alone or jointly
  • Told of other methods
  • Counseled on side effects


  • Offer family planning counseling and services to adolescents
  • Client feedback system


  • Percent of SDPs offering family planning methods (by type)
  • Offering family planning counseling and services to adolescents
  • Mobile outreach teams worked from facility in the facility

Water, Sanitation & Hygiene

PMA2020, in collaboration with the Johns Hopkins Water Institute, collected keys indicators on water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) conditions. Below are some key WASH indicators that PMA2020 measured. For a glossary of these indicators, click below.

Glossary of WASH Indicators

Drinking Water Classifications:

  • Regular drinking source(s) 
  • Main drinking water source 
  • Reliance on unimproved water sources

Reliability of Access to Water Sources:

  • Seasonal variability
  • Continuity of service


  • Main sanitation facility 
  • Percent of household members who use open defecation


  • Percent reporting a place to wash hands
  • Condition of hand-washing facilities